<p>Art Nouveau is an international movement and style of art, architecture and applied art&mdash;especially the decorative arts&mdash;that peaked in popularity at the turn of the 20th century (1890&ndash;1905). The name "Art Nouveau" is French for "new art". It is also known as Jugendstil, German for "youth style", named after the magazine <em>Jugend</em>, which promoted it, and in Italy, Stile Liberty from the department store in London, Liberty &amp; Co., which popularised the style. A reaction to academic art of the 19th century, it is characterized by organic, especially floral and other plant-inspired motifs, as well as highly stylized, flowing curvilinear forms. Art Nouveau is an approach to design according to which artists should work on everything from architecture to furniture, making art part of everyday life.</p>